Nickel Alloys Overview
Materials like Inconel or Hastelloy X are examples of highly heat-resistant and corrosion resistant nickel-based alloys. In most cases, these alloys contain chrome, iron, niobium and molybdenum and other alloy components and they are often known as superalloys. Nickel-based alloys withstand higher temperatures than steels and they are also highly weldable. Their resistance to temperature is achieved through a mixture of dispersion hardening, precipitation hardening and solid solution strengthening.
Nickel-based alloys exhibit good mechanical characteristic values such as high tensile strength and good endurance strength. Inconel can be used at temperatures of up to 700 °C. Hastelloy X can even be used at temperatures of up to 1200 °C. This makes these alloys ideally suited for aerospace technologies and for turbine production.
These alloys are also suitable for sustained heat treatment and mechanical post treatment.
Nickel Alloys Material Composition
Following the SLM-process, nickel-based components exhibit a homogeneous, nearly poreless texture, whereby the mechanical characteristic values lie within the range of the material specifications. Through subsequent post treatment, such as hardening, heat treatment or hot isostatic pressing (HIP), the components’ properties can be adapted to meet specific requirements.